- Check visa requirements.
- Consider vaccination against TBE and HAV.
- Get insurance for your belongings, life and medical treatment (including transportation to your home country in case of emergency).
- Learn numbers and a few basic phrases in local language. Especially a nice greeting!
- Learn about cultural differences and any behaviour that might be considered offensive.
- Make a research on timetables and tickets – plan your journey ahead.
- Get offline maps, a compass and learn basics of navigation without support of any of these.
- Print out pictures of most important locations. Google Maps satellite images are priceless for finding landmarks. Print them out too.
- Get colour copies of your documents (passport, ID, driving license).
- Check weather conditions and climate of your destination. If possible, start your journey in more difficult conditions, it’s better to run out of energy at the end.
- Never leave your food and drinks unattended.
- Don’t drink unsafe water (and don’t ask for ice cubes).
- Street food safety is proportional to the number of local people visiting.
- Adapt for a few days before eating local fruits.
- It is useful to know how to find water in the area where you are going, and how to purify it. Just in case.
- Ignore street vendors.
- Avoid unofficial guides, unless no other choice.
- Reduce number of valuables you carry.
- Be aware of surrounding. If you feel someone is touching you or pushing a little bit, turn around. This is the way thieves check how much “electrified” you are.
- Never put anything valuable in your back pockets.
- Don’t be scared, be prepared. The more you are afraid of being a victim, the more likely you will become one.
- Avoid discussing local politics. If asked about opinion, change the subject.
- Don’t share you home address and avoid giving any personal information.
- Don’t believe every word officials tell you.
- Do not take pictures of any installations, especially military and energy.
- Always consult your travel plans with local people.
- If asking for assistance, never ask people who may have business in guiding you.
- Don’t fall asleep when travelling alone.
- If you can’t resist falling asleep, keep your documents and valuables as close to your body as possible and attach your backpack in a way it would be tricky to open it or steal.
- When travelling by train try to lock your compartment.